Global css
Over 50,000 Active Subscribers

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment: Current Strategies and Innovations (2024)

Discover the latest advancements in multiple sclerosis treatment, including groundbreaking stem cell therapies, clinical trials, and research insights in this comprehensive guide.

Why You Can Trust DVC Stem

Plus symbol

We are committed to maintaining high standards of safety and efficacy, as evidenced by our patient-funded clinical study and strict adherence to cGMP and ISO standards. Our multinational team of dedicated professionals has successfully earned the trust of over 1000 patients worldwide. All articles in our blog are thoroughly researched and backed by third party peer reviewed evidence sourced mostly from PubMed.

MS Fitness Challenge LogoLabCorp LogoAATB LogoDynacare LogoCayman Islands LogoMedical Services Cayman Islands LogoDubai Expo 2020 Logo

50,000+ subscribers

Join our newsletter to learn more about stem cell therapy and the science behind it.

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a challenging and unpredictable condition, affecting millions globally.

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment focuses on mitigating symptoms, managing relapses, and slowing the progression through a combination of medications, lifestyle adjustments, and innovative therapies.

As research advances, new treatments like stem cell therapy are emerging, promising potential breakthroughs in repairing neurological damage and enhancing quality of life.

This article explores the latest in MS treatment, providing hope and detailed insights for patients and caregivers alike.

Stay informed on the evolving landscape of Multiple Sclerosis Treatment for a more informed approach to managing this complex disease.


Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Options

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment options include disease-modifying therapies, symptom management, and lifestyle modifications that aim to slow disease progression, reduce relapses, and improve the quality of life for individuals with MS. Some of the most common MS treatments include the following.

  1. Corticosteroids: Used short-term to reduce inflammation and treat relapses
  2. Mesenchymal stem cell therapy: Stem cell treatment for MS is a promising and innovative therapy that aims to repair myelin damage, reduce inflammation, and improve overall neurological function.
  3. Beta interferon drugs: Among the most common medications for MS, they regulate immune cells and can reduce the effectiveness o the diseas
  4. Glatiramer acetate: Changes the balance of immune cells in the body to treat MS, with usually mild side effect
  5. Natalizumab: Administered intravenously once a month, it prevents immune cells from entering the brain and spinal cor
  6. Ocrelizumab: The only FDA-approved treatment for both relapsing and primary progressive forms of MS, administered intravenously every six month
  7. Alemtuzumab and mitoxantrone: Chemotherapy drugs designed to treat cancer that may be used if other treatments are ineffectiv
  8. Plasma exchange (plasmapheresis): Can treat severe flare-ups by removing components in the blood's plasma thought to be harmfu
  9. Rehabilitation: Specialists can help improve functioning, quality of life, and reduce muscle stiffness and spasm
  10. Symptom management: Medications can be used to reduce specific symptoms of MS, such as fatigue, muscle tightening, depression, and urinary or sexual problems
  11. Disease-modifying therapies (DMTs): Started as early as possible to slow disease progression and prevent relapses, with oral, intravenous, and injectable options available

Traditional MS Treatments

Traditional MS treatments focus on managing the disease by reducing relapses, slowing the progression, and addressing the wide range of symptoms associated with Multiple Sclerosis.

These treatments are tailored to the specific needs of each individual based on the type of MS, severity of symptoms, and overall health. The main categories of traditional MS treatments include:

Disease Modifying Therapies (DMTs)

DMTs are medications that slow the progression of MS and reduce the frequency of relapses. They include injectable drugs like interferon beta and glatiramer acetate, oral medications like dimethyl fumarate and teriflunomide, and intravenous infusion treatments like natalizumab and alemtuzumab.

Symptom Management

Healthcare providers may prescribe medications to manage specific symptoms of MS, such as muscle relaxants for muscle stiffness, antidepressants for mood disorders, and medications to improve bladder control. Physical therapy and occupational therapy can also help people with MS maintain physical function and independence.


Stem Cell Treatment

Stem cell treatment for MS is a promising and innovative therapy that aims to repair myelin damage, reduce inflammation, and improve overall neurological function. Utilizing stem cells' unique regenerative capabilities, this cutting-edge treatment has the potential to transform the management of Multiple Sclerosis and provide hope for those living with this challenging condition.

Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Trans Cell Transplantation (HSCT)

HSCT is a treatment that involves collecting a person's stem cells, usually from their bone marrow or peripheral blood. The patient then undergoes chemotherapy to suppress their immune system, followed by reinfusion of the collected stem cells. This procedure aims to "reset" the immune system and halt the progression of MS symptoms. Some studies have shown promising results for HSCT in treating aggressive forms of MS. Still; more research is needed to establish its safety and long-term effectiveness. For more information on HSCT, visit this link.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of stem cell that can differentiate into various cell types, including those that make up the nervous system. Researchers are investigating the potential of MSCs for repairing myelin damage in people with MS. Although still in the experimental phase, some studies have shown promising results in reducing inflammation and promoting myelin repair. Learn more about MSCs here.

MS Lifestyle and Management

Managing MS lifestyle involves adopting healthy habits and making informed choices to improve overall well-being and maintain physical function. Key components include regular exercise, balanced nutrition, stress reduction, and adherence to prescribed medications. By prioritizing self-care and working closely with healthcare providers, individuals with MS can effectively manage their symptoms and enhance their quality of life, making it easier to navigate the challenges of living with this complex neurological condition.

Diet and Exercise

A healthy diet and regular exercise can help people with MS manage their symptoms and improve their overall well-being. A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins can provide essential nutrients and help maintain a healthy weight. Regular exercise, such as swimming, yoga, or walking, can improve muscle strength, balance, and mood. Read about how a healthy diet can increase natural stem cell production here.

Complementary and Alternative Therapies

Some people with MS find relief from their symptoms through complementary and alternative therapies, such as acupuncture, massage, and mindfulness-based stress reduction. While these therapies may not directly affect the course of the disease, they can help improve quality of life and reduce stress. Always consult with your healthcare provider before trying any new complementary therapy.

Clinical Trials and Research

Clinical trials play a crucial role in advancing our understanding of MS and discovering new treatments. Researchers are constantly exploring new therapies, including stem cell therapy, to improve the lives of people with MS. You can learn more about ongoing clinical trials and research here.

Novel Disease-Modifying Therapies

One area of active research involves the development of novel disease-modifying therapies (DMTs). Researchers are investigating new drugs that specifically target the immune system to modulate the inflammatory processes that cause MS. For instance, a study published in the journal Neurology found that B cell-depleting therapies such as ocrelizumab and rituximab can effectively reduce the relapse rate in relapsing-remitting MS patients (Hauser et al., 2017).

Neuroprotective Strategies and Remyelination

Another area of interest is the exploration of neuroprotective strategies to preserve and regenerate damaged myelin. A clinical trial published in the Lancet Neurology demonstrated that a medication called clemastine fumarate may promote remyelination in MS patients (Green et al., 2017). Further research and clinical trial is required to determine the long-term benefits and safety of such treatments.

Stem Cell Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

Stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising treatment option for Multiple Sclerosis (MS), particularly utilizing expanded mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from umbilical cord tissue. MSCs from umbilical cord tissue possess unique properties that make them an attractive option for treating MS.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Umbilical Cord Tissue

MSCs have the ability to differentiate into various cell types, including neural cells, which can potentially replace the damaged cells in MS patients. Additionally, these stem cells exhibit immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties, which can help regulate the immune system and reduce inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS).

Preclinical and Clinical Studies

Several preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated the potential of umbilical cord-derived MSCs in treating MS. In a study by Llufriu et al. (2014), intravenous infusion of expanded MSCs was found to be safe and well-tolerated by MS patients, and it was associated with a significant reduction in the number of active brain lesions on MRI scans. Another study by Harris et al. (2018) demonstrated that treatment with umbilical cord-derived MSCs led to significant improvements in neurological function and quality of life in MS patients.

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Moreover, a recent systematic review and meta-analysis of MSC treatment in MS patients showed that umbilical cord-derived MSCs were associated with a higher rate of clinical improvement compared to other sources of MSCs, such as bone marrow or adipose tissue.

Future Research and Clinical Trials

These findings suggest that umbilical cord-derived MSCs have significant potential as a treatment option for MS. However, further research, including large-scale clinical trials, is necessary to establish the long-term safety and efficacy of this approach. The continued investigation into MSC therapy for MS is a promising avenue for improving the lives of those affected by this debilitating disease.

Lifestyle Factors and Complementary Therapies

Researchers are also investigating the role of lifestyle factors and complementary therapies in MS management. A randomized controlled trial published in the Multiple Sclerosis Journal showed that a structured exercise program could improve physical function and reduce fatigue in MS patients (Kjølhede et al., 2012).



In conclusion, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a complex neurological disorder that affects the brain and nervous system, causing a wide range of symptoms, including bowel or bladder control issues, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties. The disease course varies among individuals, with some developing mild symptoms, while others experience relapsing forms or active secondary progressive disease. As progressive MS often attacks the central nervous system myelin, it is crucial to explore various ms treatment options to manage and potentially alleviate the condition.

Clinical trials have contributed significantly to the development of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) and other ms therapies that aim to reduce MS relapses, less worsening symptoms, slow down disability progression, and improve patients' quality of life. These treatments have shown positive results, such as fewer brain lesions and better symptom management for flu-like symptoms and fatigue. However, there is still a need for more effective treatments, particularly for those with primary progressive forms or secondary progressive Multiple Sclerosis.

Mesenchymal stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising therapy for treating MS, showing potential in repairing myelin damage and reducing inflammation. Clinical trials are underway to further understand the safety and efficacy of this novel approach. In addition, the National Multiple Sclerosis Society and the Multiple Sclerosis Association provide valuable information and support to MS patients, helping them navigate their diagnosis and treatment options.

It is crucial for individuals with MS to work closely with their healthcare providers to monitor new or worsening symptoms, liver enzymes, and white blood cell count, as these factors can influence treatment decisions. Plasma exchange can be an option in severe cases when standard treatments are ineffective. MS patients can also benefit from joining the Multiple Sclerosis community, where they can access the Multiple Sclerosis Information Page and connect with others who share their experiences.

As research progresses, there is hope for improved treatment options and a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of MS. By staying informed and actively participating in their care, MS patients can play a critical role in managing their condition and improving their overall well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Multiple Sclerosis be treated?

Yes, Multiple Sclerosis can be treated using various approaches, including disease-modifying therapies, symptom management, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes. Some newer treatments, like stem cell therapy, are also being researched.

Can I live a normal life with MS?

Many people with MS can lead fulfilling lives by managing their symptoms, adapting to changes in their abilities, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The impact of MS on daily life varies between individuals and depends on the severity and progression of the disease.

Is MS treatable if caught early?

Early diagnosis and treatment can help slow down the progression of MS and manage symptoms more effectively. While there is no cure for MS, early intervention can improve the long-term outlook for many people with the disease.

What triggers MS?

The exact cause of is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some potential triggers include viral infections, vitamin D deficiency, and exposure to certain environmental toxins.

What is the most common MS treatment?

Disease-modifying therapies are the most common treatment for MS. These medications work to slow the progression of the disease, reduce the frequency of relapses, and manage symptoms. The specific treatment plan for each person with MS depends on their individual needs and the severity of their condition.

What is the first line treatment for MS?

The first line treatment for MS usually involves disease-modifying therapies, such as interferon beta, glatiramer acetate, or oral medications like dimethyl fumarate and teriflunomide.

These medications are designed to reduce the frequency and severity of relapses and slow the progression of the disease.

Can you live 50 years with MS?

It is possible for individuals with MS to live for 50 years or more after their diagnosis. The life expectancy for people with MS has improved over the years, thanks to advances in medical treatments and a better understanding of the disease.

However, the progression and severity of MS vary greatly between individuals, and life expectancy can be influenced by factors such as the type of MS, the age of onset, and the effectiveness of treatments.

What should I avoid with Multiple Sclerosis?

People with MS should avoid triggers that can exacerbate their symptoms or increase the risk of relapses.

Some common triggers to avoid include stress, excessive heat, smoking, and certain infections. It's also important to maintain a healthy lifestyle by following a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep.

Can you have MS for 30 years without knowing?

It is possible for someone to have MS for many years without a formal diagnosis, especially if their symptoms are mild or sporadic.

However, early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for managing the disease effectively and slowing its progression. If you suspect you may have MS, consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Do all MS patients end up in a wheelchair?

Not all people with MS will require a wheelchair or experience severe disability.

The progression of MS varies greatly between individuals, and many can maintain their mobility and independence with the help of medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications.


  1. Uccelli, A., Laroni, A., & Freedman, M. S. (2011). Mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and other neurological diseases. Lancet Neurology, 10(7), 649-656.
  2. Llufriu, S., Sepulveda, M., Blanco, Y., Marín, P., Moreno, B., Berenguer, J., ... & Villoslada, P. (2014). Randomized placebo-controlled phase II trial of autologous mesenchymal stem cells in multiple sclerosis. PLoS One, 9(12), e113936.
  3. Harris, V. K., Stark, J., Vyshkina, T., Blackshear, L., Joo, G., Stefanova, V., ... & Sadiq, S. A. (2018). Phase I trial of intrathecal mesenchymal stem cell-derived neural progenitors in progressive multiple sclerosis. EBioMedicine, 29, 23-30.
  4. Scolding, N. J., Pasquini, M., Reingold, S. C., & Cohen, J. A. (2017). Cell-based therapeutic strategies for multiple sclerosis. Brain, 140(11), 2776-2796.
  5. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (n.d.). Multiple sclerosis.
  6. Rae-Grant, A., Day, G. S., Marrie, R. A., Rabinstein, A., Cree, B. A. C., Gronseth, G. S., Haboubi, M., Halper, J., Hosey, J. P., Jones, D. E., Lisak, R., Pelletier, D., Potrebic, S., Sitcov, C., Sommers, R., Stachowiak, J., Getchius, T. S. D., Merillat, S. A., & Pringsheim, T. (2018). Practice guideline recommendations summary: Disease-modifying therapies for adults with multiple sclerosis. Neurology, 90(17), 777–788.
  7. Guadagno, R. (2010). Writing up your results – Guidelines based on APA style [PDF].
  8. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2019). Enhancing motivation for change in substance use disorder treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series No. 35. SAMHSA Publication No. PEP19-02-01-003.
  9. Cleveland Clinic. (2024, January 25). Multiple sclerosis (MS): What it is, symptoms & treatment.
IRB-approved protocol

Ready to get started?

Complete our brief screening application to find out if you are a candidate for our measenchymal stem cell based treatment protocol.

Onboarding | Step 2

Continue Onboarding

Take 10 minutes to complete our onboarding questionnaire that will be used in conjunction with your medical history/tests to determine candidacy.

Learn more about our IRB-approved protocol and cell product.
Learn more about real world outcomes of our study participants.
Have a question that is not answered here? Feel free to browse our other free stem cell resources.

Improve Your Quality of Life with Stem Cells

Complete our brief screening application to find out if you are a candidate for our mesenchymal stem cell based study.

Secure. No Spam. No Commitments.