Louis A. Cona M.D.
Oct 15, 2019
This post defines stem cells and their therapeutic uses.
Stem cells are cells that have not yet specialised in the body, meaning they have not grown to a particular type of cell with a specific function (e.g. muscle cell, skin cell, etc). A stem cell has the capacity to become many different cell types in the human body. The process of stem cells becoming new types of cells is called differentiation. This process is the most important aspect of stem cell therapies, as the cells become the type of cells required for your body to heal. Stem cells are also self-replicating. This allows them to multiply into identical copies of the stem cells that have already gone through differentiation in the body. For example, if stem cells were used to treat a neurological injury, cells administered during treatment could become nerve cells, and then replicate to create exponentially more nerve cells on their own. This drastically increases the effectiveness of stem cell treatments over time.
As well as being essential to normal human growth, stem cells are a potential source of new cells to replace damaged or diseased tissue. These abilities that stem cells possess are what make them so promising in the treatment of various diseases and conditions.
Stem cells are often harvested from fat, bone marrow, and umbilical cord blood. Each source has certain benefits, and the decision is varying individualised from patient to patient, based on physician recommendations.
During stem cell treatment at DVC Stem a patient receives approximately 300 million stem cells. These stem cells are harvested from umbilical cord samples, all of which undergo an extensive amount of testing to assure sterility and viability. Once we have obtained an adequate sample, these stem cells are then grown on special media (food), which enhances them even further. We then package the stem cells and store them in a cryogenic form (colder than 100 degrees below zero). At the time of intravenous administration, the cells are thawed to body temperature in a sterile lab, and administered over a number of hours by our trained physicians. The high quantity of 300 million cells not only covers daily losses that have been occurring progressively for years, but replaces the cellular losses a thousand times over.
When finding a stem cell therapy clinic, the first step is to research whether the treatments being offered are approved by an Institutional Review Board, or IRB. In accordance with FDA regulations, an IRB has the authority to approve, require modifications in, or disapprove research, which is often used to validate a treatment to a higher level of acceptance. This also offers patients an added level of assurance that the associated clinic is performing therapies that are generally supported and warranted by a formal, independent scientific body. To ensure a stem cell treatment is safe and effective, it is important to know whether independent clinical trials have been performed and if the treatments have been approved by regulatory authorities, such as IRBs.
DVC Stem has been offering stem cell therapies for years. Our protocols are all IRB approved, and our cells come from well regulated, U.S. based, FDA compliant laboratories. We only offer high quality products and tried and tested treatments to our patients.
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