Stem cells have an innate property that attracts them to inflammation in the body. Studies have shown that stem cells can regenerate damaged or diseased tissues, reduce inflammation and modulate the immune system promoting better health and quality of life.
Stem cells are cells that have not yet specialized in the body. They can become whatever type of cells they need to be, in a process called “differentiation”. Stem cells used to treat heart disease will find dead or damaged tissue and naturally replace the defective cells. This property has led modern medicine to turn to stem cells for a variety of conditions. Researchers have begun testing stem cells used to treat heart disease to effectively replace a heart’s damaged cells with a patient’s own stem cells. Researchers are currently looking at three different approaches to treatment. The first involves taking stem cells from a patient’s own bone marrow, and then transplanting them directly into the heart via catheter. The second involves using donated stem cells to create patches or grafts that can be applied to damaged areas of the heart, healing the tissue underneath. Lastly, researchers are now trying to reprogram cells within the heart to become stem cells and promote healing, bypassing the need for a cell transplant. These methods are very promising, trials so far have had minimal side effects. Dr. Richard Lee of the Harvard Medical Centre has recently stated “most of the stem cell therapies for the heart have been surprisingly safe.
We have had our own patients near heart failure with extremely low ejection fraction show remarkable increases in ejection fraction during follow up testing within months of treatment.